Nearly one-third of adults in the United States sleep less than the recommended amount.1 Although this carries risks for several health conditions, the body of literature on the impact of sleep on the risk of acne or the effect of acne on sleep quality in adults is more limited.2
Three studies over the past three years have examined the relationship between acne and sleep.1-3 Each of the study populations was predominantly female, while the average age varied. Chaudhary et al included adolescents in their research,3 while Schrom et al and Halioua et al did not.1,2
Schrom et al. and Halioua et al. found a relationship between acne and sleep problems. “We demonstrated that adult acne is associated with sleep problems. Patients did not report different levels of sleep problems based on severity levels but, when asked specifically about the effect of their skin on sleep, more than 30% of severe patients reported being woken up or prevented from sleeping because of their skin condition, demonstrating a difference in severity levels.Our results confirm a recently published study,4 which reported significantly more (p
Schrom et al. discovered a relationship between acne severity and sleep. “Although fatigue may be a symptom of depression and patients whose quality of life has been more severely affected by acne are more stressed, our research demonstrates that when controlling depressive symptoms and the impact on quality of life, subjectively worse sleep quality is associated with objective sleep quality worsening acne.5,6 This suggests that there may be an influence of acne severity on subjective sleep quality. sleep and vice versa, confirming previous findings of the impact of acne on quality of life and mental health,” 5.6-8 the authors wrote.2
All three studies relied on self-reported sleep patterns.
- Schrom KP, Ahsanuddin S, Baechtold M, Tripathi R, Ramser A, Baron E. Acne severity and sleep quality in adults. Sleep Clocks. 2019;1(4):510-516. Published December 6, 2019. doi:10.3390/clockssleep1040039
- B Halioua1 J, Shourick, J Taieb et al. Sleep disturbances in adult acne. Poster presented at: Presented at: 2022 American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting, March 25-29, Boston, Massachusetts.
- Chaudhary S, Ameer A, Sarwar MZ, Naqi SA, Butt AI. A cross-sectional study of body mass index and sleep quality as risk factors for acne severity. Association J Pak Med. 2021;71(9):2148-2150. doi:10.47391/JPMA.404
- 4. Dreno B, Shourick J, Kerob D, Bouloc A, Taïeb C. The role of the exposome in acne: results of an international patient survey. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2020 May;34(5):1057-1064. doi: 10.1111/jdv.16119. Published online February 13, 2020. PMID: 31785166.
- Misery, L.; Wolkenstein, P.; Amici, JM; Maghia, R.; Brenaut, E.; Cazeau, C.; Voisard, JJ; Taïeb, C. Consequences of acne on stress, fatigue, sleep disorders and sexual activity: a population study. Acta Derma. Venereol. 2015, 95, 485–488.
- Zauli, S.; Caracciolo, S.; Borghi, A.; Ricci, M.; Giari, S.; Virgil, A.; Bettoli, V. What factors influence the quality of life of acne patients? J.Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereol. 2014, 28, 46–50.
- Cappuccio, FP; Lanfranco, D.; Strazzulo, P.; Miller, MA Sleep duration and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sleep 2010, 33, 585–592.
- Halvorsen, JA; stern, RS; Dalgard, F.; Thoresen, M.; Bjertness, E.; Lien, L. Suicidal ideation, mental health problems and social disturbances are increased in adolescents with acne: a population-based study. J. Investig. Dermatol. 2011, 131, 363–370