In order to treat hair acne, it is important to understand the different types. Byrdie points out two common types of hair acne: inflammatory papules and fungal acne. The former is characterized by pink-colored bumps, while the latter has pores clogged with yeast from a fungal infection. However, any type of acne that occurs elsewhere on the body can also appear along the hairline. It ultimately comes down to clogged hair follicles.
Surgical dermatologist Naissan O. Wesley developed the types of hair acne in Byrdie. She pointed out that the most common cause of hair breakouts is hair products. In this case, it is important to avoid certain ingredients in hair products, including oils and butter. Another factor in hair acne is the use of hats, headbands, helmets or scarves. The buildup of sweat and dirt from these items can clog pores. To avoid rashes, wash these materials frequently and avoid using them if it doesn’t help. Other causes include not washing your hair and scalp enough and eating inflammatory foods, such as dairy products.
Hair acne treatment ultimately depends on the cause, but Wesley has a tip that can apply to most situations. “Engaging in a regular non-comedogenic skincare routine to increase skin cell turnover, reduce clogged pores and reduce inflammation in existing lesions is essential,” she tells Byrdie. All skin cleansing products should also exhibit antibacterial and antifungal properties to achieve the best results.